Before the Internet of Things appeared on the horizon of healthcare, the delivery of medical services was limited to visits and telecommunications. Obviously, the Internet of Healthcare Things (IoHT) has redefined the landscape of the industry.
MarketsandMarkets Research revealed that the size of the global medical IoT market is expected to grow from $72.5 billion in 2020 to $188.2 billion by 2025. To understand why this term gets so tossed around and what it means for the healthcare sector, let’s delve deeper into the matter.
What Is the Internet of Healthcare Things
In simple words, the Internet of Healthcare Things, also known as the Internet of Medical Things, is the ecosystem of connected medical devices and technology solutions designed to serve health and social care industries.
It includes a dizzying number of apps and sensors that collect and transmit data continuously so it could be further analyzed. Smart thermometers, glucose meters, connected inhalers, and blood pressure meters are good examples of the Internet of Things devices frequently used in the healthcare industry.
In general, IoHT aims to improve access to medical data, elevate the quality and efficiency of treatment, and enhance the patient experience.
How Is IoT Used in Healthcare
For patients, medical IoT provides vast opportunities to monitor health conditions and prevent various diseases. For example, glucometers and automated insulin delivery (AID) systems offer patients treatment on the spot. That’s particularly valuable for the older generation.
For health professionals, connected devices help deliver more personalized services and immediate medical care to patients. Monitoring the state of health in an ongoing manner, IoT allows doctors to make diagnoses more precisely and control treatment adherence.
For hospitals, the Internet of Things carries numerous options of usage in many areas. It helps track medical equipment on-premises, monitor hygiene to ensure a sterile environment, or control drug inventory.
For health insurers, data received with IoHT can enhance underwriting and claim management processes. Additionally, insurance companies can have more details about their customer behavior and tailor services based on the generated data.
What Impact Will the IoT Have on the Healthcare Sector
In general, the abundance of patient data collected by IoT devices will continue to grow exponentially. However, this data is useless until it transforms hypotheses into actions. With IoHT helping build intelligent healthcare infrastructure, the medical environment has more opportunities to make the right moves.
You can learn more about the IoT impact from the video below.
Benefits of IoT Application in Healthcare
Enhanced Quality of Treatment
IoHT sensors collect valuable data that enables healthcare providers to make informed decisions and offer evidence-based treatment. The use of connected devices for medical services ensures accurate data results and eliminates the risk of errors related to the human factor.
Moreover, IoT medical apps help improve drug and therapy adherence management, allowing doctors to track compliance with prescriptions and guarantee coordinated care delivery. Eventually, it leads to an enhanced quality of treatment.
Improved Patient Experience
A variety of IoHT technologies paired with telemedicine approaches increase patient engagement and provide them with a more personalized and efficient treatment. Remote patient monitoring, smart hospitals, and home care solutions enhance access to healthcare services which is particularly vital for the elderly.
The application of the Internet of Health Things accelerates data processing, which reduces the time for diagnosis and decision-making. Ultimately, it drives better patient outcomes and boosts the overall patient experience.
Supporting treatment with IoT solutions for RPM, assisted living, or chronic care management, healthcare providers can consult and monitor patients in real-time. It drastically decreases the number of offline visits, hospital stays, and readmissions. All this leads to the reduction of the overall cost of treatment.
While the Internet of Things provides a multitude of opportunities to collect a trove of valuable data, it also allows medical specialists to analyze electronic health records and get meaningful insights. Empowering clinical trials and studies, IoHT propels progress in the healthcare industry.
On top of that, IoT, AI, and ML technologies working together can automate workflows, assist with disease prediction, and suggest treatment options. Thereby, the Internet of Medical Things advances the efficiency of the delivered care.
Source: S&P Global
Challenges of the Internet of Things in Healthcare
Security and Privacy
Alongside many advantages that IoMT offers to the healthcare sector, it also brings some vulnerable security spots. Connected devices generate, process, and transfer a colossal amount of protected health information (PHI).
The HIPAA Journal shared the Healthcare Data Breach Report that revealed a 25% increase in breaches in 2020.
It means that healthcare providers should focus on their security policies, while IoHT developers should grapple with security gaps to protect sensitive data from fraud and theft.
Legacy technology is another issue that requires close attention. Often, hospitals use medical equipment and machines that are reaching the end of their lifecycle. Therefore, they can miss important security updates and lack the support of manufacturers, which increases the risk of breaches.
When implementing the Internet of Things in Healthcare, one of the biggest challenges is the compliance of solutions with industry standards and regulations. Healthcare software and hardware must adhere to a number of rules; otherwise, you risk encountering significant penalties for violations.
There is a wide range of requirements that regulate the development and usage of IoMT devices and apps. Main guidelines like FDA and HIPAA and healthcare messaging standards like HL7, FHIR, CDA, DICOM will help you ensure security.
For seamless, efficient, and uninterrupted therapy, healthcare professionals and patients should be able to rely on the absolute connectivity between IoT systems and devices. It’s essential then to eliminate latency in a medical environment and ensure interoperability among smart solutions.
To achieve this, your IoT development partner should focus on building an agile, scalable, and secure network infrastructure that will enforce policy rules and support interactions between all components of the IoHT system.
IoHT: The Examples of Medical Devices
Source: Business Insider Intelligence
The market offers a myriad of IoT solutions for the healthcare sector. From glucose meters and connected contact lenses to smart beds and mobile X-ray machines. Let’s take a closer look at the major types of IoMT products.
We all know good old consumer wearables like smartwatches and wristbands that help us collect and analyze some of the physical metrics while tracking our fitness activities. However, wearables used in healthcare include more than this.
For instance, clinical-grade biometric wearables provide specialists with real-time data such as temperature, pressure, ECG measures, heart and respiratory rates.
Another category of IoHT devices is hearables designed to improve the quality of life for people with hearing loss. By amplifying sounds, they enhance the listening experience of a patient. Additionally, built-in optical sensors can detect falls and measure heart rate and core body temperature.
Moodables provide valuable help for people suffering from stress and ADD. They intend to deliver relaxation and elevate the mood throughout the day. Head-mounted devices study the brain waves and then send a low-intensity current to stimulate the activity of certain brain areas.
There is nothing pleasant about diagnostic tests and treatment that require invasive methods. In this case, ingestible sensors come to help. They are usually pill-sized objects that collect and monitor data such as stomach PH levels, temperature, enzymes, microbiome, etc.
These sensors have a great potential to screen for disease, improve patient experience. On top of that, they can reduce labor and facility costs for a diversity of procedures. Finally, their use results in enhanced efficiency of healthcare services and research.
Surgeries are incredibly complex and tense procedures that require a lot of responsibility, professional experience, and knowledge from healthcare specialists. Robotic surgeries implemented by smart IoMT devices improve the outcomes, accelerate the healing process, and significantly reduce the risks related to manual operations.
Propelling Healthcare with IoT
While healthcare providers increasingly rely on various IoHT systems, the market of connected medical devices keeps growing and offering innovative solutions. Delivering a compelling number of benefits, the Internet of Healthcare Things can significantly drive forward the industry.
On the whole, IoMT enhances the patient experience and the quality of treatment, reduces costs, and boosts overall efficiency. On the other hand, it brings some challenges that should be considered when implementing IoT devices and apps.
Our team of engineers and developers has proved their excellence in delivering secure, interoperable, and efficient IoHT solutions. With deep domain expertise, they help healthcare and pharmaceutical companies address challenges and improve medical treatment. Contact us to launch a successful Internet of Healthcare Things project.