It’s a recurring situation when a software under production needs to be transited between two development teams. There are always some forms of motivations for this change.
This handing over can be due to business and technical reasons such as underperformance, slow pace in advancing the project, or some other reason.
Different parts of the software product might call for various type of experts hence the need for different teams.
This could result in outsourcing parts of a project, building an MVP or PoC with your software development partner, code maintenance, upscaling, upgrading, or simply some fine-tuning.
Will it be right if we ignore such an important discuss knowing fully well that be it now or in the future, there might be the need for a software project to make transit? This is the more reason why we are taking a look at the best approach to a smooth project sail.
Know Your Reason for Changing a Software Development Team
Irrespective of the frequency of transitional occurrence, the biggest question is “The Why Factor”. It is a great inspiration to define exactly why there is a need for transition.
It’s still a dilemma for product owners with no tech-knowledge to envisage what are the most needed requirements to place the next team. This can cause a lot of delays and in return, spark annoyance, put pressure on those involved in the project and cause possible loss of interest.
Asking why will shed a light on the major reason for transition and the best way to go about it. This will determine what will be the expectation of the project owner, what size will the new team be, and what pitfalls to avoid hence acknowledging the reason for transition is important.
Planning is Key
After defining why there is a need for transition, you need some proper planning. At this stage, a highlight of the following is important to kick-start the transition process.
The objective for a transition:
A list of what to expect partially and whole, what exactly will be done and how, be it debugging, upscaling, maintenance or integrating different parts of the project.
Here it is important to define the stages of production and the general scope of tasks. Address the backlog, ongoing support, prioritization and visions of features to be developed.
It all starts with an open agenda, yet it all depends on the type of project. For a typical project, you need a team of project manager, business analyst, QA engineer, senior developer, and architect. You will also need a DevOps for staging and development. Self-dedication is intended including active decision making by the project owner.
Know Thy Product
As a product owner, you should be well informed about the basic technologies involved. You owe yourself the duty of some know-how even if you are not a tech savvy person. You should understand how your application works.
Here is a general list of things that you should be able to talk about even if you just got out of bed:
Project Management Method
There are several of them and the top three are Agile, Scrum, and Kanban. Whatever choice was made to be used in your project you must know its relativity to the production process and how beneficial it is.
Even if you have an idea, understanding the technology stack of a project is a big deal. Out of all the common and usual frameworks for the back-end and front-end, you should know which ones are used for your project.
Getting familiar with the strengths and weaknesses of your tech stack, you will have a better idea of how the app works and how it will behave in the future. This knowledge can significantly ease your hiring process, facilitate communications with your dev team, and allow you to be on the same page with them while resolving the issues.
You must be able to tell if your application is built on some third-party services which are common these days. In some cases, you might even need more than one third-party solution depending on how large the project is.
Information on the platforms your application can run on must be at your fingertips. You should know if it’s a mobile or web application, desktop solution, or just a responsive website; if it runs on a single or multiple platforms.
You must be aware of the strength and weaknesses of each platform. Focus on the one with the most priority based on your targets. As for mobile apps, it is even more important to differentiate if it’s a cross-platform app, native iOS, or native Android app.
Cloud technology is the in-thing when it comes to hosting these days. However, both the new and the orthodox web hosts have different deployment methods, and experience is key in this case. You must know what host you use and what serving purpose drove your choice.
Information about your source control management tool is paramount. If you use Git, for example, you should know the process for developing, testing, approving, and deploying new features. Everything must follow standard requirements.
Put Up Detailed Documentation
For the love of impressing their client, most freelancers and independent software programmers start work on existing codes almost right away. They do this without intense review of the code with the intention of creating an impression on the client.
A well-detailed documentation is a principal factor for speedy transition process. It provides insights, helps to avoid lapses, and lubricates the whole process.
Now the next questions. What should be the characteristics of a good documentation worthy of a smooth transaction? What attributes should we consider and look out for?
A good software documentation should span how to:
Set up a development environment
The first thing to do on a project for any new team member is to make sure the application is up and running on their computers. This process can be different depending on the technologies.
Usually, the source code is needed for this as well as installed dependencies, database, importation of sample data, setting up API keys and other credentials. Programmers are well informed about this process and usually fit with the details respectively.
Run an automated test suit
Pass of app tests shows that the application has been set up properly and any further changes will not affect the old features.
Deploy to the staging and production servers
The staging server is the final step leading to the deployment of an application to a production server. With this, developers can test their code to know if the application will run with other codes. It is important to highlight the step-by-step process with utmost details. This highlight should include updates of live applications, the recent changes, and the order of operation.
Additional details for new team members
Documenting debugged issues by the previous team will help new coming team members to save time on recurring issues and know how to deal with them.
The documentation process should be handled by a programmer who is well-experienced in setting up the application and significantly contributed to the codebase. The benchmark for any detailed documentation on a project is how fast any programmer can utilize it to set up a running application based on his or her development environment.
There are cases where a programmer might not have the required writing skills. In this case, they can record screencasts to show the setup of the development environment, deployment, and so on. Tools like Docker and Vagrant can be handy for configuring repeatable development environments.
Take Control over Access Management
Responsibility and Ownership
This a very sensitive part. While you are signing the development contract with any team, make sure that the contract empowers you by protection to ensure easy transition in case you need to change teams.
There is a long list of third-party services and tools used in various projects, there is hardly any project that is exempted from this.
Some teams on the behalf of project owners sign up for accounts to use needed services or tools. In some cases, they use their own accounts. The functionality of your application depends on these tools and services. Hence a project owner must take control and ownership.
Previous teams should be instructed to state applicable third-party tools and services and transfer ownership. Another alternative is to create new user accounts for you to replace theirs. In this case, you need to switch the configuration settings for your application.
There is a need for you to ensure easy access and flow of communication between the outgoing and incoming teams. It can be managed either directly or through you during the transition phase or as the need may arise.
You also have to hand over all the access to the different tools and services used in your application to the new developers. You might be skeptical about giving access to third-party tools and services. This is because you could be placed out of the knowledge of some certain things making subsequent transition hard.
To be on the safe side, you can activate a collaborator account or partial level of access. Most project owners, especially individuals, usually give full access. It’s common, but the choice is still yours.
Bringing on the New Development Team
There is a model of items that assists project owners to prepare for a change of development teams as we can see so far. After reviewing all the project details and having a grasp on all the different services and technologies that go into making the product, it becomes easy to bring a new team on board.
What do I do if I am only partially replacing a team you may ask yourself?
There is a possibility that you might want to retain some of the key players from the old team. This is not a guarantee that they hold all the key information for a smooth transition. They can be responsible for some form of continuity and vital information transfer between the teams, but the project owner should be the main facilitator of the transition.
As a project owner, you must avoid any friction between the old and new teams, coordinate the tasks, avoid time lag in resolving tasks, and some other issues.
Even though some of the old team members will not be changed, they may be redundant in the transition process. However, they could share some experience and can be a good reference call for some quick consultations. Anyway, don’t bother them with anything you can do yourself.
Handing over “The Transition State”
Having considered all that we have mentioned and discussed above you need to coordinate the final transition from the old to new team facilitating the process to be smooth and easy. You might want to consider the following:
All source codes must be in a main repository. Knowledge of the current state of the code and what has been deployed is essential. It will help you avoid duplicate work, bugs, and other bottlenecks. A list of defects and bugs should be handy.
Be civil and diplomatic with the old team, avoid confrontation. Try to part on good terms, keep communications and easy access as you might need to consult or clarify some things even after the transition. Thank them for their work and expertise, also settle all outstanding payments.
Set targets and goals for the new team so they know your expectations and be on the same page with you, assumption can be a fatal error in this case.
Make sure you give the new team some time for project investigation, code review, and testing. Don’t expect them to write a new code immediately. This short onboarding will help to avoid many pitfalls in the future.
Manage the new developers with patience, great applications are not built overnight. Be generous with the needs of the project including positive emotions and support, avoid mounting unnecessary pressure.
Final Key Points for Project Handoff
Avoid anxiety and fear of failure by making proper planning as you acquire a very good knowledge of your product. You should motivate your new developers to adhere to high standards. Have it in mind that your intention for a perfect transition is to save time, efforts, resources, and finance.
Once again let’s go over the highlights of what matters most when transiting a software project:
There must be a concrete reason for transition or else the purpose might be defeated.
You must have a project roadmap, know exactly how you want the process to run, and have a clear vision of what the final result should be.
A general but quite detailed knowledge of your product is essential, such things as tech stack, third-party services, hosts, etc.
You can’t escape the need for documentation and it would save you a lot of time and efforts if it is well-detailed, spanning all the essentials.
You should have access to all third-party services, hand them over to the new team alongside every other need for the project.
Request the new team for regular reports and meetings, give them the needed support, adequate time, and keep good communication.
With adherence to all the considerations made in this article, the transition of any project will be successful with no flaws in as long as the incoming team is competent.
An experienced team can significantly facilitate the transition process and successfully bring the project to completion. Velvetech team is willing to assist you. Check out our software development services and contact us today for a consultation.