In today’s data-driven world, the future of data engineering is promising and the demand for it keeps gaining traction. Companies of all sizes generate and analyze massive volumes of data thanks to cloud computing and the ongoing democratization of technology.
As a brief grasp of definition, data engineering is the process of building systems to enable collecting, storing, and analyzing large-scale data. It aims to optimize and organize data, making it more accessible and ready for efficient processing while ensuring a high level of security.
In this blog post, we will delve into data engineering current trends giving a glimpse into their potential.
The Future of Data Engineering: Trends and Innovations
Nowadays, data engineering embraces cutting-edge solutions that make it possible to analyze and process data in real time and collect it all in one place. Accordingly, businesses can profit from the abundance of tools and solutions available through data engineering best practices.
To stay ahead of the curve, you should be aware of the tendencies taking place in the field. So without further ado, let’s dive in.
1. Real-Time Data Processing
Real-time data processing will certainly remain a fundamental and inseparable part of data engineering for the foreseeable future. Statista predicts that the global datasphere will record a significant surge in real-time data volume between 2023 and 2025. Particularly, the size will increase almost twice, soaring from 25 zettabytes to an impressive 51.
Real-time data processing shapes the way of gathering and analyzing data. Unlike traditional batch processing, which is used to collect data over time and then store and analyze it, real-time processing, as the name implies, performs all of this in real-time and provides quick insights.
By leveraging live data, companies can make well-informed decisions aligned with their customers’ or business needs. On top of that, as real-time data processing is mostly performed automatically, it requires less manual intervention, leads to fewer errors, and thus is more cost-effective.
2. Cloud Computing
One of the cutting-edge trends in data engineering is cloud computing. It will keep growing in the upcoming years. Google reported that by 2027 more than 50% of enterprises will adopt industry cloud platforms.
Such adoption of cloud computing facilitates the generation, storage, and analysis of vast amounts of data. It results in improved decision-making processes and helps automate core operations. Organizations may unlock the full potential of cloud computing by embracing multi-cloud and hybrid cloud strategies.
For example, you may benefit from the strengths of multiple cloud platforms, such as Amazon Web Services, Microsoft Azure, or Google Cloud Platform. In general, it provides better scalability and security and boosts operational performance. Additionally, by setting up a multi-cloud approach, you can optimize cloud costs and access a wide variety of services and features.
3. DataOps and MLOps
DataOps streamlines and automates data engineering processes ensuring quicker delivery and better data quality. It also increases data availability, accessibility, and integration. On top of that, a DataOps strategy allows businesses to construct automated data pipelines in their private, multi-cloud, or hybrid environments.
Another trend we see here is MLOps. It combines principles and techniques from both data engineering and machine learning to bridge the gap between data science and production environments. MLOps is crucial for the deployment and maintenance of machine learning systems at a large scale.
Both DataOps and MLOps aim to accelerate the implementation and maintenance of analytics and data models.
4. Big Data and IoT
When talking about data engineering industry trends, we can’t pass by big data and Internet of Things (IoT). You probably hear a lot lately that the IoT market is rapidly growing. Thereby, it is going to remain one of the top technologies that will affect the data engineering field in the upcoming years.
“The IoT global market is expected to show an annual growth rate (CAGR 2023-2028) of 13.60%, resulting in a market volume of US$2,227.00bn by 2028.”
IoT devices gather unstructured data, which can be efficiently processed and stored in real time using various approaches enabled by big data technologies. Furthermore, the power of artificial intelligence and machine learning comes into play, as they enable the analysis of vast amounts of IoT data and generate intelligent forecasts. These insights contribute to improved automation and resource optimization.
5. Data Warehouse and Data Lake
Both of them are used for storing big data. Though they are often inseparable and can complement each other in a data management ecosystem, they are used for different purposes.
A data lake is a repository for raw, unstructured, or semi-structured data, whereas a data warehouse is a repository for structured, filtered data that has previously been processed for a specific purpose.
As a point of comparison, data warehouses provide structured data for reporting and analysis, while data lakes are being used to collect any data at any scale that can be useful in the future.
6. Data Mesh
Data mesh is another data engineering current trend. It’s a domain-oriented approach to data, which emphasizes the ownership and independence of specific domain teams over their data assets. Each domain is responsible for its own data pipelines.
Unlike traditional centralized data architectures, data mesh empowers each domain to maintain its own data infrastructure, making cross-domain data sharing and integration simple. With this model, teams can gain a deeper grasp of their data and collaborate with other teams more efficiently.
The adoption of data mesh principles allows organizations to foster decentralized, collaborative, and effective data governance, which is in and of itself, a separate trend that we’ll talk about later.
7. Data Quality and Data Integration
Data quality and data integration are like the building blocks of effective data management, which plays a crucial role in supporting and enhancing data engineering processes.
Effective data integration assists in bringing together all relevant information from different sources in one place to make business-driven decisions.
Data quality is an essential component of the data integration process since accurate data is the key to achieving valuable insights. Hence, data should be analyzed and cleansed prior to integration.
Both data quality and integration are ongoing processes. Thus, its metrics should be monitored on a regular basis to identify issues and take steps to remedy them. Moreover, data quality goes beyond just finding and fixing inexact data, it’s also about ensuring consistency and scalability.
8. Augmented Analytics
One of the latest trends in data engineering we can’t leave out is augmented analytics. And it shows a great promise.
The augmented analytics market size is expected to reach $48.76 billion by 2030 while in 2023 it is only over $8.9 billion. Consequently, it is likely going to remain one of the advanced technologies used in data engineering practices.
Augmented analytics shapes the process of enhancing data analysis by integrating artificial intelligence and machine learning. As a result, it automates data evaluation, pattern identification, key insights highlighting, and generating proven recommendations for business-driven decisions.
9. Data Automation and AI
When it comes to decreasing manual efforts and improving decision-making, data automation remains irreplaceable.
Moreover, it goes hand in hand with artificial intelligence. AI algorithms can reduce human errors, improve accuracy, and automate the process of data cleaning. As such, it reinforces data quality and reliability.
Being incorporated in data engineering solutions, artificial intelligence makes complex datasets understandable by using visualization tools. Consequently, it saves time for users, making it possible to automate analysis of huge sets of data and make informed decisions aligned with the business goals.
10. Data Governance
Finally, the last trend we’d like to cover today is data governance. It is the management of data and processes in order for information to be used as a regular, safe, and organized asset that adheres to regulations and standards. Simply put, data governance is the process of keeping data secure, private, available, and accurate.
Data governance not only protects data but also helps companies remain compliant with regulations like the General Data Protection Regulation (GDPR) and California Consumer Privacy Act (CCPA). It also ensures the safety of your data if you operate in a specific sector like healthcare. For example, by adhering to HIPAA regulations.
When done correctly, data governance can lead to better decision-making and improved data accuracy. Learn more about it by watching the video from IBM Technology.
Leverage End-to-End Data Engineering Solutions
Data engineering is one of the fastest-growing scopes. In order to keep up with industry changes and stay ahead of the competition, you should be aware of the current trends and integrate them into your business.
Today, we’ve discussed some of the tendencies that are worth keeping in mind. While you might already be acquainted with a few of them, the adoption of others might pose a challenge. But no worries, Velvetech will help you successfully embrace them to improve your business operations.
Don’t hesitate to contact us. Our specialists have vast expertise in building data engineering solutions. Whether you require a quick consultation or comprehensive assistance with the development and strategy, we are here to support you.